This will provide visitors with an in-depth look at the Wenlock Olympian Society’s contribution to the rebirth of these modern Olympic Games and the unique role played by Doctor William Penny Brookes in that story. The display will be placed in the balcony space of the Museum and will run from June 13th to August 28th – a period covering both the Wenlock Olympian and Rio Olympic Games of 2016.
Of particular recent interest are four silver cups which have been returned from Zimbabwe one hundred and forty years after they were won at the Wenlock Olympian Games. Charles Ainsworth won the cups for the ‘Tilting at the Ring’ event in 1876, 1878, 1882 and 1887. This was fast and dangerous, required great skill and horsemanship and was loved by both competitors and spectators. The rider had to unhook a ring (the size of a 50 pence piece) that hung down from a crossbar. Later, hurdles were added to the competition to increase the difficulty.
Much Wenlock was the centre of global media attention during the period just before the London 2012 Games. The official mascot was named ‘Wenlock’ in honour of the town’s contribution to Olympic history.
William Penny Brookes was born in 1809 in Much Wenlock, where his father was one of the local doctors. As a young man he left the town to study in London, Padua in Italy and also in Paris. In 1831, he returned to Much Wenlock to take over his father’s practice.
As well as his medical practice, Brookes was tireless in his efforts to improve the overall well being of the local population. He established the Wenlock Agricultural Reading Society from which sprang the Wenlock Olympian Society and its annual Games.
The first Wenlock Olympian Games were held in October 1850 and included a mix of classical athletic events and traditional country sports. Pageantry was an important element of the Games and to start the proceedings a band led a procession of flag bearers, competitors and officials as they marched through the decorated streets of the town to where the Games were to be held.
In 1889, Baron Coubertin, organiser of the International Congress on Physical Education, came to England seeking information on sports education practiced in schools. Brookes wrote to the young Frenchman and invited him to come to the Wenlock Olympian Games the following year. Intrigued, Baron Coubertin accepted the invitation to come to Much Wenlock in October 1890.
At this time, the two men discussed their similar ambitions and Brookes, at the age of eighty-one, shared with the twenty-seven year-old Baron Coubertin his dream to stage an international Olympic revival to be held in Athens. On his return to France, Coubertin gave a glowing account of his stay in Much Wenlock in the ‘La Review Athletique’ journal. He referred to his host’s efforts to revive the Olympic Games.
Sadly, Brookes died in December 1895, so did not see his dream of an International Olympic Games come to fruition just four months later in April 1896. In his obituary to Brookes, Baron Coubertin wrote:
“If the Olympic Games that Modern Greece has not yet been able to revive still survive today, it is due, not to a Greek, but to Dr. William Penny Brookes.”
The main 2016 Wenlock Olympian Games will take place in the weekend of 9th/10th July with some satellite events taking place in the weeks before and after that weekend. The complete programme consists of 17 events open to junior and senior competitors thus:
for junior competitors age 7 – 18 years: badminton, football, kwik cricket, modern biathlon, netball, tennis and volleyball.
for senior competitors aged 18 years and over: gliding, golf, half marathon, road race, triathlon and 100km challenge walk
for junior and senior competitors: archery, track & field athletics, fencing and hockey
A full list of these events and the means by which they can be entered is available on the Society’s website: http://www.wenlock-olympian-society.org.uk. This site also contains much more information, both historical and current, relating to the Society and William Penny Brookes.
The Wenlock Olympian Games events of 9th/10th July are held on and around the Gaskell Field in Much Wenlock. Much Wenlock also contains the ‘Olympian Trail’ – a route through the town, which takes in those locations that played a significant role in the development of the Games. Brookes’ house is one of these places as are the Brookes’ family graves. The visitor may also want to visit the Coubertin Oak – planted when Baron de Coubertin visited Much Wenlock and located on the northern boundary of the Gaskell Field. In 2012, acorns from this were used to grow trees in schools between The Olympic Park in London and Much Wenlock.
The story of Doctor William Penny Brookes and the Wenlock Olympian Games is described in the town’s Museum which was refurbished with financial support from the Heritage Lottery Fund in 2011. The Museum is open daily except Monday during the summer months and Friday to Sunday in the winter.
Photos courtesy Wenlock Olympian Society and Communications Team at Shropshire Council
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